Barbecue in the Southern United States

In the Southern United States, especially the eastern region, barbecue (also spelled barbeque or abbreviated BBQ) refers to a technique of cooking that involves cooking meat for long periods of time at low temperatures over a wood fire; often this is called pit barbecue, and the facility for cooking it is the barbecue pit. This form of cooking adds a distinctive smoky taste to the meat; barbecue sauce, while a common accompaniment, is not required for many styles.

Barbecue traditions originate from the south-eastern region, where the culture is strongest, however various forms of regional barbecue have established themselves throughout the country. Often the proprietors of southern style barbecue establishments in other areas originate from the southeast. In the southeast, barbecue is more than just a style of cooking, but a subculture with wide variation between regions, and fierce rivalry for titles at barbecue competitions.

South East Atlantic (North & South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia...)
· BBQ is Pork
· Sliced, Chopped or Pulled Pork (Served with Vinegar, Tomato, Mustard Sauce or No Sauce)
· Pork Ribs – Dry Rub - Sweet & Mild - Sauce on the Side
· Whole Hog – Pork Picking
· Lexington,NC – BBQ Capital of World (200 BBQ restaurants or 1 restaurant per 1000 people)
· Lexington BBQ Festival
· North Carolina - Chopped or Sliced Pork - Peppery-Vinegar-Light Tomato Sauces
· South Carolina & Georgia - Pulled Pork - Yellow Mustard Sauce
· Kentucky - Mutton
· Limited Beef BBQ
· Woods - Hickory and Pecan Smoke
· Sauce – Eastern North Carolina (Spicy Vinegar & Seasonings)
· Sauce – West North Carolina - (Heavy Tomato Base) (Ketchup)
· Sauce – Central Carolina (Lexington) (Vinegar with Light Tomato Base)
· Sauce – South Carolina - (Yellow Mustard Sauce) (find all sauce types)
· Carolina Slaw – No Mayo (Cabbage, Ketchup, Vinegar, Black Pepper)
· Ingredients – Apple Cider Vinegar, Garlic, Onion, Mustard, Sugar, Black Pepper, Chili Flakes


South East Central (Alabama, Kentucky,Missouri, Tennessee...)
· Memphis – Ribs (Wet & Dry) - Pulled Pork, hot, sweet, tomato based sauce
· Memphis in May & World Championship Barbecue
· Kansas City BBQ – Pulled Pork, Pork Ribs, Beef Ribs, Burnt Ends
· Famous for Sweet, Thick Sauce
· Kansas City - 100 BBQ restaurants - Worlds biggest BBQ Contest American Royal
· Kansas City referred to as "World Capital of Barbecue"
· St. Louis Style Ribs – preferred - dry rubbed – 2-4 hours smoking
· Pulled Pork – served with both tomato or vinegar base sauce
· Pulled Chicken – served with both tomato or vinegar base sauce
· Alabama - tomato sauce - more spicier
· Spicy Pork Sausage
· Sauces – Sweet & Spicy tomato base with molasses, pepper, some mustard & vinegar
· Famous people and places - Henry Perry, Arthur Bryant's, Gates & Sons Bar-B-Q

South West Central (Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas...)
· BBQ is Beef
· Texas – Beef Brisket, Beef Ribs
· Lockhart, Texas – BBQ Capital of Texas
· BBQ Restaurants in Lockhart (Blacks BBQ, Chisholm Trail BBQ, Kreuz BBQ, Smittys Market
· East Texas – with sauce (tomato base – sweet & thick)
· Cowboy Steaks
· Spicy Beef-Pork Sausage
· BBQ Mutton & Goat
· Diverse Styles across Texas
· Woods - Oak, Pecan and strategically Mesquite
· Rubs – Cumin, Hot Chilies
· Mop – Spicy and thinned with Vinegar
· Sauce - Tomato (sweet & thick)

Southern BBQ Restaurant Video Tour

Definitions & Information by Wikipedia