BBQ Meat Cooking Temperatures

To kill most illness causing microorganisms, meat must reach a temperature which varies by meat type (see tables below). Use of an accurate meat thermometer to assure safety and to achieve desired doneness.

Food Safe Temperature
Ground Meat & Meat Mixtures
Beef, Pork, Veal, Lamb 160°F
Turkey, Chicken 165°F


Fresh Beef, Veal, Lamb 145°F


Poultry
Chicken & Turkey, whole 180°F
Poultry breasts, roast 170°F
Poultry thighs, wings 180°F
Duck & Goose 180°F
Stuffing (cooked alone or in bird) 165°F


Fresh Pork 160°F

Ham

Fresh (raw) 160°F
Pre-cooked (to reheat) 140°F




How Well Done Temperature
Beef & Lamb
Very well done 180°F
Well done 170°F
Medium (Recommended) 160°F
Medium-Rare 145°F
Rare (Not recommended) 140°F
Very Rare (Not recommended) 130°F


Ground Beef (safest range)
160-170°F


Pork & Veal
Well 170°F
Medium 160°F
No lower is recommended


Poultry 170-180°F


Cured & Precooked Meat 155-165°F




Temperature Guides:

Thermy - USDA food temperature guide.


Meat Standards: USDA:
How to Buy Meat (PDF)
Grades of Beef (PDF)
Focus on Beef - Information about cooking and handling beef.
Focus on Pork - Information about cooking and handling pork.
Focus on Chicken - Information about cooking and handling chicken.
Focus on Turkey - Information about cooking and handling turkey.

Canada:
Canadian Beef Grading Agency
Canadian Beef Standards
Canadian Pork (PDF)
Canadian Pork Council

^ BBQ Secrets